Modern Dental Implants
The story of the present day endosseous implant concept was discovered in the 1950's serendipitously by Professor Per-Ingvar Brånemark (May 3, 1929 – December 20, 2014), a Swedish orthopaedic surgeon and researcher. In the 1950's Prof Branemark was conducting blood flow experiments on rabbits.
Titanium chambers were embedded in the ears of rabbits to record data for their investigations. When Prof Branemark moved these chambers into the femurs of rabbits, he later discovered he could not remove the chambers from the bone into which they had been placed. He found the bone had grown around the chambers and had actually bonded and osseo-integrated to the titanium surface.
Following this observation, Prof Branemark performed further studies that verified the concept of osseo-integration, a term defined by Brånemark as "a direct structural and functional connection between ordered, living bone, and the surface of a load carrying implant."
He carried over this idea into dentistry and in 1965 Prof P. Brånemark placed his first implants into his own patients. These implants integrated within a period of six months after surgical placement into the jaw and remained in place for the next 40 years. The original Brånemark implant design was cylindrical in shape, but later tapered implants appeared.
From then and until the modern day, many other types of implant designs were introduced not only by the Brånemark brand but by numerous other implant companies.
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