Tooth removal or tooth extraction can be done for numerous reasons such as tooth decay, impacted wisdom teeth, gum disease, preparation for orthodontics, infection, etc.
Types of extraction
Simple extraction is done under local anaesthetic injections to numb the tooth and the surrounding area. Dental forceps are then used to remove the tooth.
Surgical extraction is performed when the tooth cannot be easily grasped by forceps. It could be either broken under the gum line or it is not fully erupted. It can be done under local or general anaesthetic. It requires an incision of gum around the tooth. The tooth could also removed by initally splitting it into smaller sections using dental handpieces.
When the tooth is removed, the dentist may close over the extraction site by using self-dissolving stitches. After the extraction, a gauze pad is placed into the socket and you need to bite down on it to stop the bleeding.
Care after extraction
- Avoid rinsing mouth with water as bleeding can re-occur,particularly during the first 6 hours.
- Avoid smoking and alcohol for at least 3 days to help the healing process.
- Start rinsing mouth with warm salt water after 24 hours of extraction.
- Complications after extraction may include infection, prolonged bleeding, swelling, bruising, or painful inflammation from dry socket. If you experience one of these symptoms, please contact us.